A Charcot joint is when the joint is progressively damaged. It occurs in people with neuropathy, and diabetes is by far the most common cause of neuropathy causing Charcot joint. In diabetic neuropathy, you’re not able to feel pain properly, and so you can repeatedly damage a joint without knowing it.
The prognosis depends on how early the diagnosis is made. If caught early, the process can be stopped with a cast and special shoes. Surgery is sometimes used, depending on the degree of damage. If the condition is caught late, the joint can be permanently deformed and the skin can become ulcerated, putting the person at risk for infection and even amputation.
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