A study of 11- to 14-year-olds with type 1 diabetes suggests that Internet-based educational programs that provide social coping skills and diabetes-management tools can help adolescents maintain glycemic control and improve quality of life at a turbulent time.
The researchers had hypothesized that those who followed the social coping skills program would have better outcomes than those who participated in the diabetes-management tools program — which was designed to act as the control — but this was not the case.
However, those who completed both programs — possible due to the crossover design of the study — did see significant benefits. This shows that young people with type 1 diabetes who are transitioning into their teens “need both diabetes-management education and behavioral interventions, [and] delivering these programs via the Internet represents an efficient way to reach youth and improve outcomes,” write the researchers, led by Margaret Grey, DrPH, from the Yale University School of Nursing, New Haven, Connecticut.
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